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Top 10 Foods to Include in Your PCOS Diet for Optimal Health

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age. It can cause a range of symptoms, including irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and infertility. Diet and lifestyle changes can help manage PCOS symptoms and improve overall health. In this article, we will explore the top 10 foods to include in your PCOS diet for optimal health, along with the scientific evidence supporting their benefits.

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1. Leafy Greens

Leafy greens, such as spinach, kale, and collard greens, are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can help reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity. Studies have found that women with PCOS who consume more leafy greens have better metabolic health and lower levels of inflammation. Aim to include at least one serving of leafy greens in your diet every day.

2. Berries

Berries, such as strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries, are packed with antioxidants and fibre, which can help improve insulin resistance and lower inflammation. Studies have found that consuming berries can improve glucose and insulin levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include at least one serving of berries in your diet every day.

3. Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds, such as almonds, walnuts, and flaxseeds, are rich in healthy fats, fibre, and protein, which can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Studies have found that consuming nuts and seeds can improve glucose and insulin levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include a variety of nuts and seeds in your diet, and aim for a handful (about 1/4 cup) per day.

4. Fatty Fish

Fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines, are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which can help reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity. Studies have found that consuming fatty fish can improve menstrual regularity and reduce testosterone levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include at least two servings of fatty fish in your diet per week.

5. Avocado

Avocado is rich in healthy fats, fibre, and potassium, which can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Studies have found that consuming avocado can improve cholesterol levels and reduce belly fat in women with PCOS. Aim to include half an avocado in your diet per day.

6. Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice that can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Studies have found that consuming cinnamon can improve menstrual regularity and lower insulin and glucose levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include one teaspoon of cinnamon in your diet per day.

7. Whole Grains

Whole grains, such as quinoa, brown rice, and whole wheat bread, are rich in fibre, which can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Studies have found that consuming whole grains can improve glucose and insulin levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include at least three servings of whole grains in your diet per day.

8. Legumes

Legumes, such as lentils, chickpeas, and black beans, are rich in fibre and protein, which can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Studies have found that consuming legumes can improve glucose and insulin levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include at least one serving of legumes in your diet every day.

9. Turmeric

Turmeric is a spice that can help reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity. Studies have found that consuming turmeric can improve menstrual regularity and reduce testosterone levels in women with PCOS. Aim to include one teaspoon of turmeric in your diet per day.

10. Greek Yoghurt

Greek yoghurt can improve glucose and insulin levels in women with PCOS. It also contains probiotics, which can help improve gut health. Aim to include one serving of Greek yoghurt in your diet every day.

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In conclusion, incorporating these top 10 foods in your PCOS diet can help manage your symptoms and improve your overall health. Remember to aim for a balanced and varied diet, and consult with a healthcare professional for personalized dietary recommendations. Making healthy food choices is just one step towards managing PCOS, but it can have a significant impact on your quality of life.

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